Alabaster


Alabaster
   Occurs only in the New Testament in connection with the box of "ointment of spikenard very precious," with the contents of which a woman anointed the head of Jesus as he sat at supper in the house of Simon the leper (Matt. 26:7; Mark 14:3; Luke 7:37). These boxes were made from a stone found near Alabastron in Egypt, and from this circumstance the Greeks gave them the name of the city where they were made. The name was then given to the stone of which they were made; and finally to all perfume vessels, of whatever material they were formed. The woman "broke" the vessel; i.e., she broke off, as was usually done, the long and narrow neck so as to reach the contents. This stone resembles marble, but is softer in its texture, and hence very easily wrought into boxes. Mark says (14:5) that this box of ointment was worth more than 300 pence, i.e., denarii, each of the value of sevenpence halfpenny of our money, and therefore worth about 10 pounds. But if we take the denarius as the day's wage of a labourer (Matt. 20:2), say two shillings of our money, then the whole would be worth about 30 pounds, so costly was Mary's offering.

Easton's Bible Dictionary. . 1897.

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  • Alabaster — is a name applied to varieties of two distinct minerals: gypsum (a hydrous sulfate of calcium) and calcite (a carbonate of calcium). The former is the alabaster of the present day; the latter is generally the alabaster of the ancients. The two… …   Wikipedia

  • Alabaster — massiges Aggregat Chemische Formel CaSO4 · 2 H2O Mineralklasse Wasserhaltige Sulfate ohne fremde Anionen siehe Gips (nach Strunz) siehe Gips …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Alabaster — • The substance commonly known as alabaster is a fine grained variety of gypsum. Oriental alabaster, the alabastrites of the classical writers, is a translucent marble obtained from stalagmitic deposits Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006.… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Alabaster — Sm Edelgips erw. fach. (12. Jh.) Entlehnung. Entlehnt aus l. alabaster m., alabastrum n., dieses aus gr. alábastros m. und on n. (älter gr. alábastos) Alabaster (als Mineral), aus Alabaster gefertigtes Salbengefäß . Wohl zu einem ägyptischen Wort …   Etymologisches Wörterbuch der deutschen sprache

  • alabaster — [al′ə bas΄tər] n. [ME < OFr alabastre < L alabaster < Gr alabastros, earlier alabastos, vase for perfumes (often made of alabaster), prob. < Egypt *ʼ a labaste, vessel of (the goddess) Bast] 1. a translucent, whitish, fine grained… …   English World dictionary

  • Alabaster — Al a*bas ter, n. [L. alabaster, Gr. ala bastros, said to be derived fr. Alabastron, the name of a town in Egypt, near which it was common: cf. OF. alabastre, F. alb[^a]tre.] 1. (Min.) (a) A compact variety or sulphate of lime, or gypsum, of fine… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Alabaster — Alabaster, AL U.S. city in Alabama Population (2000): 22619 Housing Units (2000): 8594 Land area (2000): 20.472605 sq. miles (53.023800 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.054715 sq. miles (0.141711 sq. km) Total area (2000): 20.527320 sq. miles… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Alabaster, AL — U.S. city in Alabama Population (2000): 22619 Housing Units (2000): 8594 Land area (2000): 20.472605 sq. miles (53.023800 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.054715 sq. miles (0.141711 sq. km) Total area (2000): 20.527320 sq. miles (53.165511 sq. km)… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Alabaster — Alabaster: Der Name der feinkörnigen weißlichen Gipsart, mhd. alabaster, führt über entsprechend lat. alabaster auf griech. alábast‹r›os »Gips; gipserne Salbenbüchse« zurück …   Das Herkunftswörterbuch

  • Alabaster [2] — Alabaster, Balsambüchschen in Form einer Birne; aus Alabasterstein, d.i. einem von unserem Alabaster verschiedenen sintrigen, faserigen Kalkstein, gemacht …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Alabaster — Alabaster. Eine Kalkart. In der Regel sehr weiß, von seinem Gefüge, halb durchsichtig. Wegen seines schönen Aussehens ist er als Stein zu Statuen kleinerer Art sehr geschätzt. In Florenz gibt es ganze Fabriken, welche sich mit nichts Anderem… …   Damen Conversations Lexikon